Presidential 2022. Voters, candidates, expenses… 12 figures to know about the first round

Presidential 2022. Voters, candidates, expenses... 12 figures to know about the first round


It’s D-Day! Up to 20 hours maximum, where the first results will be revealedthe French are called to the polls to appoint the two finalists of the presidential 2022. Here are the numbers for this first round:

48.7 million voters

The electorate for this presidential election is 48.7 million French people, i.e. just over a million additional voters compared to the 2017 election. About 2.5 million French people of voting age are therefore not registered on the lists: this is much less than the number of abstainers (ten million in the first round of the presidential election in 2017), but more than the number of voters of Benoît Hamon five years ago (2.3 million). For this presidential registration was open until March 4 at the town hallinstead, until then, 31 December of the year preceding the election. And this measure was accompanied by a major government campaign calling on the French to register.

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52% female voters

Of the 48.7 million voters, 25.4 million are women, or about 52%, compared to 23.3 million men, or about 48%. Can this favor the candidates? Nothing is less certain… According to an Ifop-Fiducial survey for LCI carried out at the beginning of March, 71% of respondents said they hoped for a president, but only 32% really believed in it. Above all, their voting intentions were not fundamentally different from those of the respondents.

69862 polling stations

According to the latest file published by INSEE, there are exactly 69862 polling stations in mainland France and overseas, including 897 in Paris. They are open at least from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m., with a possible extension until 8 p.m. in certain large cities such as Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Rennes, Toulouse, Grenoble, Nantes and Bordeaux. Each polling station must have a minimum of two assessors and a volunteer secretary, in addition to the president recruited from among the elected officials.

1 area on vacation

This Sunday, zone B (academies of Aix-Marseille, Lille, Nancy-Metz, Reims, Strasbourg, etc.) is already on vacation, while the three zones will be on vacation for the second round. What impact on the abstention rate? A study conducted in 2006 by two Paris-I researchers on the presidential elections of 1988, 1995 and 2002 had shown that the fraction of the abstention rate due to school holidays was 1.7 points. But in the meantime, the powers of attorney have been made easier: since last January 1, legislation has made it possible to entrust their power of attorney to a person who does not vote in the same polling station or in the same municipality.

30% abstention?

According to the latest polls, abstention during this first round could be around 30%… which would be a new record. Record held for 20 years by the first round of the 2022 presidential election, where 28.4% of voters had voted on April 21. In 2017, abstention during the presidential election rose to 22.23% in the first round, and 25.44% in the second round.

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12 candidates to decide

Nathalie Arthaud, Philippe Poutou, Jean-Luc Melenchon, Fabien Roussel, Anne Hidalgo, Yannick Jadot, Emmanuel Macron, Valerie Pécresse, John Lassalle, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, Marine Le Pen and Eric Zemmour are in the running for this first round of the presidential election. That is twelve candidates, a number in the high average of previous elections : this is one more than in 2017, two more than in 2012 and as many as in 2007 and 1974. choose between no less than 16 candidates. Unsurprisingly, it was during the presidential election of 1965, the first by direct universal suffrage, that the French had the narrowest choice with only six candidates.

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Only 5 rookies

Never had a presidential election included so many candidates already present during the previous election! Of the 12 contenders, only five (Fabien Roussel, Anne Hidalgo, Yannick Jadot, Valérie Pécresse and Eric Zemmour) are trying their luck for the first time. Of the seven others, five of them are even on their third candidacy (Nathalie Arthaud, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, Marine Le Pen, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Philippe Poutou). In 2017, six candidates stood for re-election, against five new ones. The 2012 presidential election was an exception: of the 10 candidates, only François Bayrou and Nicolas Sarkozy were already present five years earlier.

4 candidates and 8 candidates

With four women on the starting line (Marine Le Pen, Anne Hidalgo, Valérie Pécresse and Nathalie Arthaud), this first round equaled the record of 2002 and in 2007. Five years ago, only Marine Le Pen and Nathalie Arthaud were candidates, i.e. as many as in 1981 and in 1995. This year, the two so-called “government” parties (PS and LR) are represented by female candidates. Will there be a woman in the second round? It would be the third time, after 2007 (Ségolène Royal) and 2017 (Marine Le Pen).

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Average age: 57 years old

Most of the candidates representing themselves, their average age is progressing: it is 57 years old, against 55 years old in 2017. The youngest remains, as five years ago, Emmanuel Macron (44 years old). The oldest is Jean-Luc Mélenchon (70), while Jacques Cheminade, the dean of 2017, does not represent himself.

252 polls

Between January 1 and March 31, the Survey Commission identified 252 polls related to the election campaign, half of them for the month of March alone. This makes nearly 3 surveys per day on average… in particular because of the “rolling” type surveys, these daily surveys. This is a little more than the number of surveys counted over the same period in 2017 (242 surveys). And since the beginning of April, the pace has accelerated further, with 40 polls published in eight days…

13427 referrals

To present themselves, the candidates had to collect a minimum of 500 sponsorships each. Finally, 13427 referrals have been validated by the Constitutional Council, out of approximately 42,000 potential sponsorships. Valérie Pécresse received the most (2636), ahead of Emmanuel Macron (2098) and Anne Hidalgo (1440). The most ric-rac: Nathalie Arthaud, with 576 sponsorships.

5% to be reached

Some candidates have no other objective than to cross the 5% mark in the first round… Their finances depend on it: below 5% of the vote, the State only reimburses a maximum of 800,423 euros on the campaign costs. Beyond that, it can go up to 8 million euros… The expenditure ceilings authorized per candidate amount to 16.851 million euros for candidates present in the first round and 22.509 million euros for two finalist candidates.

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